Let there be tech: what “creation myths” tell us about control

Lawrie’s been at it again! Following a conversation with Amber Thomas, he posted last night about classic tales and our relationship with ed tech referring to classics like “Stone Soup”, “The Emperor’s New Clothes” and so on and he asked for people to contribute ideas for other narrative types that characterise the ed tech landscape.

So, like a bad student who doesn’t read the question properly, I started thinking about Creation Myths. You know, go big or go home! More specifically, how the stories that are told of the genesis (small G) of technical innovations tell us about the values of the different parties involved.

I started out reflecting on how the creation narrative around MOOCs panned out with some focussing on the efforts of Sebastian Thrun, Andrew Ng and so on with the likes of Coursera and on the other hand looking to the deeper roots of the approach pioneered by Dave Cormier, George Siemens, Stephen Downes et al. It’s hinted at in this article from University Affairs.

Then I got thinking about Facebook. There was an advert recently that FB put out to try to salvage some of its reputation in the fall out from the Cambridge Analytica scandal. Here it is:

It’s an attempt ot reclaim that origin narrative. It’s the line that goes “when this place does what it was built for then we all get a little closer.” Is that really what it was built for? I mean, really? If you watch another version of that narrative, David Fincher’s Social Network movie, that phrase takes on a different meaning.

Lastly, I thought about a talk I saw a few years ago at the Thinking Digital conference in Gateshead by the economist Mariana Mazzucato where she effectivley dismantled the received wisdom that products like the iPhone were all to do with the innovation and entrepreneurship of the private sector and pointed out that it was public sector-funded developments that had made it all possible in the first place. Watch it, it’s brilliant

In posts and workshops in the past I’ve mentioned the hackneyed and serially misattributed phrase “those who tell the stories, rule the world”. Stories are how we make sense of events but they’re never neutral .You can tell a lot by looking at contrasting narratives as a way of taking control.  And who is telling them can be instructive. Ask yourslef, in whose interests is this story being told. It pays to be critical.

And if you’re the storyteller, it pays to do this responsibly.

They that move in the shadows

My taxi ride on the way to catch the Glasgow train yesterday turned a little surreal.

After a brief chat about the ins and outs of booking taxis using apps, the taxi driver, a chatty but slightly intense man in his fifties, announced he was a member of the Anti Technology League. He didn’t own a computer, he said. Never had. Neither did the rest of his family. He used his mobile only for calls (his refusal to engage with voicemail had led to bailiffs trying to claim a £35 debt to a company after their 13 messages went unanswered. It’s OK. That’s sorted now). He only writes letters when he needs to contact someone officially (twice, so he has a copy).

It was his membership of this Anti Technology League that really interested me. Who are they? What are their demands? What are they going to do? Why have I never heard of them? They’re not really Googleable.

I began to picture a group like the shadowy “Reality or Nothing” terrorists that Dennis Potter invented for Cold Lazarus but the truth turned out to be a little more down to earth. They campaign against any organisation, councils, businesses and so on, that pressure people to use the web to access services. They are compiling a dossier of these organisations and plan to sue them for discrimination. He was very confident of success.

We talked a little about the benefits of social media, privacy, digital literacy and the need to switch off sometimes but it was clear he was resolute.

When he proudly talked about smashing up his mobile phone when he took it back into the Vodafone shop I started to get a little nervous. I had told him what I did for a living. He said he was much happier with the deal he’d been offered by Virgin so the mood lightened.

He also said he was surprised more people hadn’t heard of them.

I wasn’t deliberately trying to be a troll when I asked if they’d considered setting up a website but the joke did fall a little flat.

But ever since then I’ve been thinking about that problem.

How would you create a campaigning organisation, spread your message, recruit members these days if one of your founding principles is based on the rejection of digital technology? It’s entirely possible at the local level or on a small scale but the Anti Technology League seemed to have loftier ambitions than that.

It was obviously possible in the pre-digital world, but are we at a point now when trying to do that without recourse to the web is nigh on impossible?

Or maybe it’s because I’m now so fully enclosed in the technology bubble I lack the imagination to see how it would work.

I might fire up the app, book another taxi and see if I can continue the conversation.

Using technology to write and publish a master’s dissertation

Recently, I found out I’d passed the final dissertation part of the MSc I’d been studying for at Sheffield Hallam University: Technology Enhanced Learning Innovation and Change.

What I learnt between 2009 and now can wait for another blog post (or two), but given my role at Netskills it makes sense to talk about how I used technology to help put my dissertation together.

If you’re interested, I’ve made my dissertation available online under a creative commons license.

This isn’t an exhaustive account. I used many more tools but these are the ones that I really relied upon.


Screengrab of the dissertation
Dissertation homepage

Our tutors encouraged us to consider something more innovative than producing our dissertations as PDF documents. I wanted to make mine openly available on the web, in a format that was right for the medium and might actually be read. One of the course alumni had submitted their’s as a Google Site back in 2011 but I saw this as an opportunity to finally get to grips with WordPress (after sitting in on Steve’s workshop a number of times).

I bought my own domain and web space (with Vidahost) for the first time as I wanted to have more control over finished article and had been stung previously (see Posterous below). I chose the Responsive theme as I wanted an attractive landing page and the look and feel was about right. I didn’t monkey around with the CSS so it still looks fairly vanilla.

The challenge was presenting it a way that made it reasonably easy for a reader to navigate. I used nested pages to create drop down menus, which is great for dropping in and out of sections.

However, it was being assessed as a whole document so it needed to flow as a linear document as well. The bundled “call to action” button on the home page became a “start here” point which jumps to the start of the introduction pages and I went through a very time-consuming process of creating “next” and “previous” links on each page. It’s a compromise but works OK.

It took time to put together but I like the finished article. More importantly, so did my tutor, who said that he “… felt that the mode of presentation makes it a model of its kind.”

Chuffed at that.


Posterous was the casualty that had to be abandoned on the field of battle.

Posterous, missing in action
Posterous: missing in action

Sheffield Hallam uses Blackboard and we were given blog space to post our reflections, but I really didn’t want to use it. The blogs are behind the institutional barricade and a pain to use. I wanted to be more open, inviting comments on my progress posts from people beyond the course.

I chose Posterous as this was what I was using for my other blogs. It had been nice and simple to manage and easy to read.

Sadly but inevitably, following Posterous’s buyout by Twitter, it was closed before I got to the end of the dissertation. Thankfully, it happened just at the point where I was setting up my WordPress site, so exporting the data over to that was a breeze.

It brought home to me the importance of why I didn’t want to rely too heavily on third parties for hosting the dissertation (hence why not WordPress.com or Google)


I have the memory of gold fish and the filing system of a…erm…howler monkey?! They’re not known for their filing.

Keeping track of the dozens of papers and books I was reading (honestly!) was always going to be a problem. I’d started using Evernote, but it’s not really set up for this sort of thing.

I can’t remember where I heard about Mendeley, but it became my new best friend for the duration of the dissertation. Just about all of the literature I read was from online journals so I could use Mendeley to store the PDF’s I’d downloaded and tag them up so it was easy keep track of the references. It’s cloud-based, accessible via the web, desktop client and mobile app.

Not to be underestimated is the time-saving function of being able to cut and paste the citation straight into my references page. I reckon this saved me over two hours work.

Mendeley screengrab


Using Dropbox was a no-brainer. The thought of losing my master document (especially as it neared it’s final word count of a word-limit-ignoring 20,000) filled me with utter dread. I’m a slow writer so I didn’t want to be in a position of having to rebuild whole sections of the dissertation following a hard disc meltdown.

Dropbox made peace of mind as easy as ctrl+S. Having the document on the cloud also meant that I wasn’t reliant on memory sticks and email attachments to work on different machines.

Adobe Premiere Elements

I did plan to pepper the whole dissertation with digital media to illustrate uses of digital storytelling and to capture personal reflection but, in the end, lack of time meant I had to scale that ambition back a bit.

I created two pieces specifically for the dissertation, a video abstract and a reflective digital story. It made sense to demonstrate some of the techniques I was talking about. Here’s the video abstract:

It’s partly out of habit, but I use Adobe tools for media work. I’m lucky enough to have CS6 Production Premium in the office but use the budget Elements packages for Premiere (video) and Photoshop (images) at home.

For the types of video I created, the Elements software allows me to do pretty much what the pro level software does except for a few aspects of workflow. It’s my recommendation for anyone wanting to do digital storytelling seriously, at least on a PC.

I did consider doing the whole dissertation as a series of interlinked pieces of media, but in the end I chickened out and went for something less risky.

And my arch enemies…

I mentioned Blackboard but this was a pretty benign presence throughout. Pure evil came in the form of Dawsonera’s ebook viewer! If there’s a way to design a service that is so completely geared towards the needs of a publisher that the reader’s needs feel like an afterthought, Dawsonera’s discovered it. I found it unwieldy, inflexible and worse, it made reading difficult. This was a shame as some of my key texts were only available online.

A final shake of the fist goes to Temple Run 2 at which I have excelled at the expense of scholarly quality. I’m blaming that for all the dissertation’s shortcomings.

Temple Run
Damn you, Temple Run!